These readings explore the concept of 'liberalism' as it arose during the twentieth century in the United States. As you read them, compare their ideas of what it means to be 'free.'

Franklin Delano Roosevelt (or FDR) was President of the United States from 1933-1945. He is perhaps best known for implementing the New Deal, a series of programs that aimed to provide relief to American workers and businesses during the Great Depression and to create a system of regulation that would prevent it from happening again. His "Four Freedoms Speech," from which you will be reading an excerpt, was the State of the Union address in 1941.

Milton Friedman was one of the most important economists of the twentieth century. His economic theories have had a significant effect on American economic policy in the second half of the twentieth century, and they continue to have a strong influence in contemporary politics. Capitalism and Freedom was a 1962 book that has had an enormous influence on political economics since its publication.

John Dewey was an American philosopher whose ideas are at the base of much subsequent American philosophy.